Monday, April 30, 2007

Japanese companies keen about India

This interesting article appeared in Business Line. Looks like the Indian economic juggernaut is finaly getting noticed. India has been on the investment radar of most Japanese comapanies but all of them were waiting for "someone" else to take the plunge. I personally think 2008 will be a boom time for all stakeholders of Japan-India relationship! However we should also look at China's continued presence in this list as the preferred destination. China is the benchmark for all Japanese related outsourcing - as always!

‘Japanese cos in India upbeat on biz prospects for 2007’

Monday, 30 April , 2007, 07:51

Bangalore: Japanese companies in India are upbeat about their prospects in 2007. They find the country favourable for expanding their business, according to a survey conducted by a Japanese Government-related agency.


The comparative survey by the Japan External Trade Organisation (JETRO) shows that between 2006 and 2007, India is top of the list with an index of 67.6, followed by Vietnam and China with 51.5 and 39.9, with regard to the business prospects of the subsidiaries of Japanese companies.

Vietnam also figured high in the ranking after India, while China, along with these two countries, provided better comfort in terms of future prospects than eight other countries in the region.

The stronger preference for the countries compared to the 11 Asian countries — six of whom are Asian members — comes in the wake of cost pressure during 2006 pulling down the business prospects of the Japanese affiliates in the countries. The six members of Asian — Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam — apart from India, China, South Korea, Hong Kong and Taiwan, were covered by the survey.

Response rate

JETRO received response from 1,332 of the 3,337 companies it sent its questions to in the region, with a response rate of 39.9. per cent. According to the survey, 71.5 per cent of the respondents posted a lower operating profit in 2006, down more than 4 percentage points from the previous year, reflecting the struggle the manufactures faced due to rising costs of materials and higher wages, said JETRO.

Regarding the outlook for 2007, the number of respondents projecting worse performance compared to 2006 decreased notably, revealing that firms believed the upward cost pressure would ease in 2007.

According to the survey, those planning to "expand their business scale" in the next few years dipped by 4.2 percentage points from last year's survey to 58.2 per cent while companies planning to maintain the scale of existing business was higher.

China advantage

There was no change in the view of firms with production in China about its cost advantage. China also is seen as the strongest business competitor for Japanese firms in Asian or India, particularly in materials, including plastic. In India, local automobile components and general machinery industries are perceived to be stiff competitions to Japanese companies.

The Japanese companies will target China and India followed by Thailand and Vietnam in the next five to 10 years for marketing their products, with China being preferred for electric and electronic components and India for automobile and motorcycle parts.

Twenty five per cent of the Japanese companies in China felt that the rising Yuan against other currencies would have "large negative impact on their business" (14.5 per cent rise over last year's survey) with almost 60 per cent of the respondents strategising cost reduction to counter any further rise in the currency value.

Sunday, April 29, 2007

Does anyone have more information about this?

Berger Paints India Ltd said on Friday that the Company has entered into a Joint Venture Agreement (JV) with Nippon Bee Chemical Co Ltd of Japan for the purpose of formation of a Company for manufacture and sale of coatings for plastic substrates used in automobiles and parts thereof in India.

It seems like the first deal after a brief lull

Friday, April 27, 2007

kabuki theater


Kabuki Theater :

Kabuki, one of Japan's traditional entertainments, originated in the 17th century. It was developed by merchants during Edo Era as a way to express their emotions. Although many women played female roles in early times, the Tokugawa Shogun banned appearance of women in Kabuki plays in the early 17th century. As a result, all female roles are played by male actors called Onna-gata and the beauty of the Onna-gata became one of the most distinctive features in Kabuki performances.

Part of the excitement of watching Kabuki comes from the audience. During a play, the audience shouts the names of actors during short pauses. The timing of the shout must be just right. It's an interesting phenomena. Other interesting things to notice during Kabuki are the colorful and gorgeous costumes and make-up which the actors wear. Also, you might want to pay attention to how the stage is equipped. When shifting scenes in a play, the stage revolves. This is called Mawari-butai and is one of the famous characteristics of Kabuki theater.

You will also see people dressed all in black on the stage. They are called Kuroko, and their jobs are to take care of props and actors. When they appears on the stage, the audience is supposed to treat them as invisible. Also, the traditional Japanese music that accompanies Kabuki performances might interests you. The musicians rotate in and out of sight on the stage, which carries them.

Most of all Kabuki plays were written during 17th-18th century, so the language is hard to understand, even for Japanese people. There are about 300 plays in the conventional kabuki repertoire. In the Kabuki-za theater, you can buy English programs or rent earphones with which you can listen to the explanations of shows in English.

Kabuki-za is the best theater. It is located in Ginza, Tokyo. (03-3541-3131) Kabuki performance are held year around in the Kabuki-za, except for August. You can buy tickets at the theater box office or reserve them on the phone.

Kabuki performances are usually very long and consist of many acts. If you are new to Kabuki, or don't have much time, you can view one act from the 4th floor. This area is available for people who can't stay through the whole performance, so they can leave during the break between acts without disturbing other people. The tickets for one act are called Makumi. These tickets are not sold in advance, but are available 20 min before each act. For visitors who want to save time and money, it might be a good idea to buy this ticket. (The earphone guide is not available here though.)

Here is a list of other theaters in which kabuki performances are held:

Kokuritsu Gekijo (National Theater of Japan)
Tokyo Shinbashi Enbu-jo (Japanese version)
Osaka Shochiku-za (Japanese version)
Also, Tokyo Hato Bus Kabuki Tour holds a 4-hour evening tour to visit Kabuki-za.

Enjoy!

JAPANESE WEDDING



Traditional Japanese Wedding Ceremony

Spring and autumn are the favourite seasons for Japanese weddings. On certain days, which are considered auspicious in the Japanese almanac, there may be as many as forty couples united in Japanese weddings at a Shinto shrine.

The Shinto wedding is performed before a Shinto sanctuary. Many hotels and restaurants are equipped with a special room for wedding ceremonies. A wedding is usually attended by members of both families, close relatives and the go-betweens.

Mi-ai - Part of a Traditional Japanese Wedding

Traditional Japanese brideWhile it is true that more and more young men and women are united in marriage on their own will through love, the practice of "Mi-ai" is still widely observed to end in a happy married life for many. "Mi-ai" is an interview for a man and woman with a view to marriage, as arranged by their parents or a third party acting as a go-between. It is proposed with due consideration to social backgrounds and other factors of the prospective bride, bridegroom and their families. It is not compulsory on either of the parties concerned to accept such "Mi-ai" as a promise for marriage.

Prior to 1900's, the practice of "mi-ai" (an arranged meeting between a man and a woman with a view to marriage) was more a formality than an opportunity for a young man and woman to meet and get to know each other. Today, a matchmaker may be a family member or a friend who would arrange for an initial meeting between the young man and woman thought to be suited for each other in marriage. These initial meeting is usually arranged at a public place such as a restaurant or a theatre.

In the old days when "mi-ai" was a mere formality, a young man would be invited to the home of the young woman. If he were favourably impressed, he would leave behind a fan to indicate his acceptance to pursue the marriage. In the old days however, the bride-to-be had little say on the issue.

Hakama pants
Hakama pants (skirt)

Hakama pants are a gift to the groom as part of the Yui-no, the phase of the traditional Japanese wedding. For a wedding they would be black, but to emphasis the detail of the design we have shown a patterned style.

Thursday, April 26, 2007

India's cashew recipes interest Japan food industry

Mangalore March 18 The broken grades of cashew are likely to receive a good demand in Japan, if the response to the experiment of introducing value-added Indian cashew products such as `kaju kathli' and `halwa' at the 32nd international food and beverages exhibition, `Foodex Japan 2007', is any indication.
For India, Japan is the fifth largest cashew export destination. Japan imports around 6,100 tonnes of cashews with India enjoying 80 per cent share with average exports of about 5,000 tonnes during the last three years.
The Chairman of the Cashew Exports Promotion Council of India (CEPCI), Mr Walter D'Souza, told Business Line that the important outcome of this exhibition for the Indian cashew industry lies in the significant growth of Japanese confectionary and food industry. The confectionary and food industry sector is registering an annual growth of over 20 per cent.
Of the total imports of cashews by Japan, almost over 90 per cent are wholes and the rest in broken grades.
"The CEPCI experiment of introducing value-added goodies such as the Indian `kaju kathli' and `halwa' at this exhibition has generated several enquiries," he said, adding that this may increase the demand for broken cashews.
This will be an added advantage to the Indian cashew exporters.
At the interactive meetings, the major cashew importers in Japan have made a special request to the CEPCI to involve the Japanese chefs in a programme with live demos of cashew-based recipes, which will go a long way in promoting the use of broken cashews.

CHEFS INTERESTED:

"A result-oriented strategy is being worked out for implementation, in consultation with importers and the Japan Nut Association (JAN)," Mr D'Souza said.
The CEPCI is targeting a growth of about 20 per cent in exports to Japan at an aggregate of about 6,000 tonnes starting from 2007-08, he said.
Japan is the fifth largest destination for India after the US, Europe, the UAE and the UK. It accounts for four per cent of India's total cashew exports.
In its bid to increase the market share in the Japan treenut industry, the CEPCI participated in the `Foodex Japan 2007' at Tokyo from March 13 to 16.
This is the largest in the far-eastern countries of the world. Over 70 countries of the world participated in the exhibition

Kansai International Airport

Kansai International Airport

The KIX offshore airport is present in Japan. It is an artificial island five kilometers off the Senshu Coast in southeastern Osaka Bay. This airport is opened on September 4, 1994. It has the capacity of 160,000 take-offs and landings annually. The cost for the construction is around 1,458 billion yen. It was designed by an Italian architect. It is built on the sea and it is an island reclaimed from the sea.

In this airport the current scale is 510.3hectares with one runway measuring 3,500m~60m. To reach this island we have a 3.75-km double-decker structure combining road and rail transportation within 30 minutes for railway and 45 minutes for highway from Osaka (Namba).

The terminal's roof is shaped like an airfoil. This shape is used to promote air circulation through the building: giant air conditioning ducts blow air upwards at one side of the terminal, circulate the air across the curvature of the ceiling, and collect the air through intakes at the other side.

Kansai has been marketed as an alternative to Narita Airport for international travelers from the Greater Tokyo Area. By flying to Kansai from Haneda Airport and connecting to international flights there, travelers can save the additional time required to get to Narita: up to one and a half hours for many residents of Kanagawa Prefecture and southern Tokyo.

Construction of 4000m parallel runway and related facilities began in 1998 as the Second Stage Plan for Kansai International airport. The facilities are expected to be opened in the year 2007. With the Second State Plan, an additional runway and Second Passenger Terminal Building will be constructed. Kansai International Airport is striving to become a world first class international hub airport with an overall structure, which will boast 3 runways.


The Tsunami of 26 may 1983 in the se of japan




There was no sufficient time to issue a local warning. A warning was issued about 13- 15 minutes after the earthquake. It was too late. One hundred four persons died in Japan and three more in Korea. There was extensive destruction of houses, ships and port facilities.



Tsunami Generating Area and Tsunami Travel Times in the Sea of Japan and around the Japanese Islands ( in minutes) .
Subsequent surveys of the affected region along the western coast of Japan , sponsored by Japan's National Research Center for Disaster Prevention, documented the effects and runup heights of the tsunami waves. The results of these surveys are summarized here.



Tsunami Wave Heights - Estimated tsunami heights were 14 meters at Minehama, Honshu, 2-6 meters along southern Hokkaido and northern Honshu, up to 8 meters along the coast of Russia (USSR at the time), and ranged between 2-7.5 meters along the coast of South Korea.



Damages and Death Toll from the Tsunami - Many of the casualties and much of the tsunami damage occurred on the Oga Peninsula of the Akita Prefecture. Tsunami damage occurred as far away as the Yamaguchi Prefecture in southwestern Honshu, along the Japan Sea coast of Russia ( then USSR), and along the eastern and southern coasts of South Korea, where three people were killed.

The tsunami comletely destroyed Oga Peninsula in Japan
The Tsunami in the Akita Prefecture of Japan - The tsunami reached more than 11 m (max 14 m.) along the Akita Prefecture in the northern coast of Japan.There was extensive destruction of houses,buildins, ships and port facilities. It caused a number of fatalities. A total of 104 persons died. The tsunami destroyed 700 boats and 59 houses for a total of $800 million in property damage (1983 dollars).


The Effects of the Tsunami in Southern Korea - It took approximately 90 minutes for the first tsunami wave to travel across the Japan Sea and strike the east coast of the Korean Peninsula. This was the first tsunami to inflict heavy damage on the eastern coast of Korea since the 1741 Oshima-oshima tsunami. According to observations, the wave reached a height of 5 meters on Ullung Is.. Samchuk port, Geunduk, Yongwha beach and Yongwha port were also affected. Damage was particularly significant at the Imwon port, where tsunami runup height was about 3.6 m. On a coastal road close to Imwon the tsunami runup reached 5.1 m. Maximum runup of 7.5 m occurred at the upper part of the town along the river. Three persons were killed and twenty houses were damaged or destroyed.
At Wondok Town and Kangwon-do, a maximum tsunami height of 3.6-4.0m was recorded. Fishing boats were carried into the residential area, and a gas oil tank holding 130,000 litters was carried by about 10 meter. One person was killed at Tonghae City. The amount of damage in the Republic of Korea was estimated to be about 400 million won (about $500,000 - 1983 US dollars). Tide gauge recordings in South Korea showed the initial sea level movement to be rise at Pusan. Ulsan, Mukho (Tonghae City), Sokch'o, and Chodong (Ullung Island). However, at P'ohang port the tide gauge record indicates an initial drop in sea level.



Lessons Learned - Even in a country like Japan where there is considerable awareness of the tsunami danger, it is very difficult to issue local warnings when the earthquake source is so close to the coast. However, as a result of this tsunami, there was an increased effort for public education. Japan introduced a new regional system which offers a shorter lead time for tsunami warnings.



Historical Tsunamis in the Sea of JapanHistorical tsunamis generated by earthquakes along the possible boundary of the Eurasian and the North American plates, in the Sea of Japan, have been responsible for a great deal of destruction along the coastal areas of Japan, Russia and Korea. A review of archival material in Japan and Korea will undboubtedly reveal the occurrence of many historical tsunamis in the Sea of Japan - perhaps as many as 6-8 events spaced apart in time and location. Most noteworthy of the known historical events are the following.
Recent reports in the literature, quoting records of the Choson Dynasty, indicate that the Kampo earthquake of 1741 (estimated magnitude M = 7.5), off the southwestern coast of Hokkaido, in the Sea of Japan, generated a destructive tsunami that was responsible for the death of about 1,500 people and that the waves affected the entire coast of Kangwondo, destroying houses and boats.
More recently, the earthquake of 1949 (M = 7.5) - known as the Kamuizaki-Oki Earthquake - and the Tsunami it generated were destructive. In the east coast of the Korean Peninsula, the tsunami waves ranged up to 2.0m at Uljin, Kyongsang-Pukdo, and the island of Ullung

Interesting facts about Japan-2

Did you know that it is considered quite rude to blow your nose in public?

Did you know that it is considered quite rude to blow your nose in public?

Did you know that in 1192 Yortomo was named the first shogun by the emperor? His family ( the Minamoto clan) governed Japan. Did you know that the Japan`s National Anthem`s name is Kimigayo? It means "His Majesty`s Reign." Did you know that there is a meaning for that boring little red dot on Japan`s flag? The boring little red dot stands for the sun. Did you know that in Japan they have Poke'mon cards? They call them Poke'monsters.

Japan is made up of

· Japan is 70% mountains

· Japan is made up of over 6000 islands

· There are wild monkeys in Japan

· Wild monkeys don’t like to be looked at in the eye

· The Japanese Prime Minister is elected by the legislature, not the people

· Legend says that the Japanese monarchy began in the 7th Century BC

· In Japan they eat squid, octopus, eel, all fish, crabs, prawns, etc…

· A traditional Japanese breakfast consists of rice topped with natto (fermented soy beans)

· Golden Retrievers are the most popular pet

· The Japanese use four different writing systems

· In Japanese, the word for “wrong” and “different” are the same

· Junior High and High School students wear uniforms

· Elementary school students wear yellow caps

· In Japan, the teachers move from class to class and the students stay in one room

· At McDonalds the hamburgers are the same size as in America, but the drink sizes are one size smaller

· “McDonalds” in a Japanese dialect sounds lilke “Ma-ku-do-na-ru-do”

· In Japan it is not uncommon to see women wearing platform shoes that are 4 to 6 inches high

· Instead of “Ohayo Gozaimasu” (good morning), Japanese youngsters often say “Oha!”

· Christianity comprises less than 10% of the Japanese population

· Normal Japanese kitchens don’t have ovens

· The bathroom is not where the toilet is found in a Japanese home

· In Japan, when you move into an apartment, you have to bring your own light fixtures

· There’s no such thing as central heat and air in Japan

· One US dollar is approximately 120 yen

· You don’t wear shoes in the house, you wear slippers

· There are special slippers for the toilet

· You don’t wear your slippers into a tatami mat room

· In Japan, a night at the movies will cost you $18 per person

· In Japan you get really good service when shopping

· Japanese department stores are usually multiple stories, with a grocery store on the bottom, clothes and bedding in the middle, and restaurants on the top

· Japanese pizza has mayonnaise, corn, and seaweed on it

· Japanese salad has corn in it

· The Japanese think that Americans eat corn and potatoes every day

· Fruit is very expensive in Japan

· Watermelons in Japan can cost up to $100

· Peaches are $2.00 a piece

· There are very few public trash cans in Japan

· A traditional Japanese toilet looks like a urinal lying on the floor

· In Japan even local calls are charged by the minute

· In Japan you eat your soup with chopsticks

· In Japan many people wear uniforms i.e. bank tellers, grocery store clerks, postal workers…

· In Japan, most people say that they are Buddhist, but don’t believe in the Buddha

· Aspiring young Japanese musicians play on street corners and in subway stations hoping to get discovered

· The “WALK” lights on Japanese street corners make a chirping sound so that the blind can know when to cross the street

· Japanese subways are very clean and safe

· People sleep on their way home on the subway and the train

· Japanese cars are mostly the same size as American cars

· In Japan they drive on the left side

· Japanese streets are very narrow

· Streets in Japan don’t have names

· Rice cookers are great and easy to use

· In Japan, fair skin is regarded as beautiful

· Many Japanese women dye their hair brown

· Refrigerators in Japan are tiny

· There are very few original castles in Japan because of bombing during WW2

· Whale is a delicacy

· Everyone hangs their clothes outside to dry

· Japan is the world’s largest consumer of tropical rainforest timber

· Japan has 28 National Parks and 55 Quasi-National Parks

· Japan is divided into nine large regions and further divided into 47 smaller prefectures

· Japan has the seventh largest population in the world

· You can catch a train to and from Nagoya every 15 minutes

· You can catch a subway train every three minutes in Nagoya

· The Japanese know more about American politics than Americans do

· Popular Japanese bands are: Glay, Smap, Hana Hana, Shingo Mama, The Yellow Monkey, Luna Sea, Whiteberry, Arc~en~Ceil, Da Pump, Kinki Kids, etc…

· Popular Japanese music is terrible

· Western celebrities in Japanese commercials are: Catherine Zeta-Jones for Lux Super Rich Shampoo, Cameron Diaz for Aeon Language School, Ewan McGregor for Aeon Language School, Nicholas Cage for Pachinko (what a dork), Brad Pitt for both Roots canned coffee and jeans, Tiger Woods for Wonda canned coffee, George Clooney for Toyota, Naomi Campbell for Lipton Canned Tea

· In Japan you can buy canned coffee, hot or cold, in vending machines

· In Japan, Pert shampoo is called Rejoy

· In Japan, 20 capsules of cold medicine cost $15

· Because Japan has a socialized medical system, if you get the tiniest bit sick people think you should go to the doctor so you can get your medicine for free instead of paying $15 for cold medicine

· The name “Tokyo” when broken down into kanji means “east” and “capital”

· The name “Kyoto” when broken down into kanji means “capital” and “capital”

· Noh, a type of Japanese theatre, can be up to eight hours long

· In Japanese, languages all end in –go : Nihongo, Eigo, Spango, etc…

· In Japanese, citizen terms end in –jin : Nihonjin, Amerikajin, Perujin, etc…

Interesting facts about Japan-1

Geography
Japan is the 60th largest country in the world (out of over 200) in terms of land area. It is 25x smaller than the USA or People's Republic of China, but is slightly bigger than Germany, 3x bigger than England, and 9x bigger than the Netherlands.

Japan is the 10th most populous country in the world*. It's population is equal to the UK, France and Denmark combined.

Japan ranks 18th worldwide in terms density of population, behind such countries as Singapore, Hong Kong, Taiwan, South Korea, Bangladesh, the Netherlands and Belgium. If England was counted as a country (separate from the UK), its density of population would be slightly higher than Japan. Japan's population density if 11x higher than the US, and slightly lower than the states of New Jersey or Rhode Island.

Society
Japan has the oldest surviving monarchy in the world. The first historical emperor of Japan was Ojin, reigning from year 270 to 310, and was deified as Hachiman. Legend has it that the very first emperor was Jinmu, 1000 years earlier.

Japan's national anthem, Kimi Ga Yo , is the oldest in the world, although it was only officially recognised as such in 1999. It is based on a 9th century poem.

Japan has one of the highest life expectancy* in the world, only surpassed by small countries like Andorra, San Marino, Hong Kong, Macau and Singapore. Japanese people live in average 4 years longer than US citizens, 2.5 years longer than the Germans or Belgians, and 1.5 years longer than French or Italian people

Imperial House of Japan



The Imperial House of Japan comprises those members of the extended family of the reigning Emperor of Japan who undertake official and public duties. Under the present Constitution of Japan, the emperor is the symbol of the state and unity of the people. Although he is not technically head of state, he is frequently treated as one. Other members of the imperial family perform ceremonial and social duties but have no role in the affairs of government.



The Japanese monarchy is the oldest continuous hereditary monarchy in the world still in existence. The imperial house recognizes 125 legitimate monarchs since the accession of Emperor Jimmu (traditionally dated to February 11, 660 BC), including the reigning emperor, Akihito. Most historians regard the first 14 emperors (Emperor Jimmu to Emperor Chuai) as mythical figures.



The role of the emperor of Japan has historically alternated between that of a supreme-rank cleric with largely symbolic powers and that of an actual imperial ruler. An underlying imperial cult (the idea of Arahitogami) regards the emperor as being descended from gods. Until 1945, the Japanese monarchs had always been, officially, military commanders. However, contrary to the usual role of a Western monarch, they did not practically function as such. Japanese emperors have nearly always been controlled by other political forces, to varying degrees




Sports and Recreation

Traditionally, sumo is considered Japan's national sport and is one of its most popular. Martial arts such as judo, karate and kendō are also widely practiced in the country. After the Meiji Restoration, many Western sports were introduced in Japan and began to spread through the education system.

Baseball is the most popular spectator sport in Japan and the professional baseball league in Japan was established in 1936. One of the most famous Japanese baseball players is Ichiro Suzuki, who, having won Japan's Most Valuable Player award in 1994, 1995 and 1996, now plays in North American major league baseball. Since the establishment of a professional soccer league in Japan in 1992, football has also gained a wide following. Japan was a venue of the Intercontinental Cup from 1981 to 2004 and co-hosted the 2002 FIFA World Cup with South Korea.

Golf is popular in Japan, as is auto racing, the Super GT sports car series and Formula Nippon formula racing.

Every year, Japan observes the second Monday in October as Health and Sports Day. The date, originally October 10, commemorates the opening day of the 1964 Summer Olympics in Tokyo. Other major sporting events that Japan has hosted include the 1972 Winter Olympics in Sapporo and the 1998 Winter Olympics in Nagano.

Wednesday, April 25, 2007

Festivals in Japan through a year
Monthly selection


January


Osaka, Tooka Ebisu, January 10
Naniwa is a famous merchant district in Osaka city. The New Year of Naniwa begins by this festival. Lucky girls sell bamboo leaves with the hope of good business. Geisha girls on the palanquins parade on the street.
Feburary

Sappro, Snow Festival, February 5-11
The are 170 snow statures along the main street. This is the biggest snow festival in Japan. The tallest snow statures is as tall as 15m. At night, lighting creates very romantic atmosphere.

March

Tokyo, Hina Matsuri, March 3
March 3 is a girl's day. People pray for good health and growth of girls. Various area in Japan cerebrate this day. In this temple, girls disguise Hina-dolls and sing songs.

April

Nagano, Onbashira@April to May
This festival is brave festival held every 6 years, Tiger and monkey's year according to Chinese zoo calendar. Big trees are cut from the mountains to build as the pillars around four corners of Suwa Shrine. The spectacle scene is people ride on the big trees slide dawn from the mountains.
May

Tokyo, Sanja Festival, 4 days in mid-May
Sanja festival is the representative festival of downtown Tokyo. The festivals has been held more than 200 years. There are three portable shrines started parade from Sensou Shrine and then 80 portable shrines follow to parade 44 districts of Asakusa area.

June
Hirosha, Rice Planting Festival, June 1st Sunday
In Japan, June is the season to plant rice. There are many rice planting festivals are held in Japan. In Mibu town, Saotome girls sing songs to plant rice with the hope of good rice harvest in Autumn.
July
Kyoto, Gion Festival, July 17
One of the three biggest festivals in Japan. The festival has been continued more that 1100 years. The origin of this festival was to drive away evil spirits of disease. July 17 is the climax. Dozen of gorgeous floats parade Kyoto city. The old houses in Kyoto show their heritage treasure of folding golden screens to the people.

August
Aomori, Nebuta, August 3-5
Nebuta is the summer festival. To drive away sleepiness during summer, the festival is held. Dancers shout "Rassera Rassera Rasse Rasse..." and giant lanterns, on which Samurais are drawn, parad through the town

September
Toyama, Kaze no Bon, August 20 to September 3
The Owara folk song is the famous folk song of Toyama. Rhythm is very delicate and people dance with subtle hands waving. Town people ware cotton kimono and dance through the town. The music of Chinese fiddles are very beautiful.
October

Hyogo, Nada Fighting Festival, Ocotber 14
This festival is know as hitting portable shrines hardly each other. A Danjiri float appears with the drum sounds and then three portable shrines come into the shrine hitting each other. More hitting each other, the God will be delighted and bring the prosperity to the town.

November


Saga, Karatsu Kunchi, November 2-4
Nagasaki Okunichi Festival is held in October. November is the month of Karatsu Kunchi. Elaborated art craft of giant lacquered gold lions, killer whales, sea breams, war helmets parade the town. It has been continued more than 300 years.
December


Saitama, Chichibu Night Festival, December 2-3
In the lively Chichibu folk music, Kabuki plays are performed on the gorgeous displayed floats. At the evening, four floats are lighted up. 18000 shots of fireworks sparkle in the sky. The largest diameter of a firework is 310m.

Monday, April 16, 2007

ChopStick Rules





Some of the most important chopstick rules are:

1)Hold your chopsticks towards their end, and not in the middle or the front third.

2)When you are not using your chopsticks and when you are finished eating, lay them down in front of you with the tip to left.

3)Do not stick chopsticks into your food, especially not into rice. Only at funerals are chopsticks stuck into the rice that is put onto the altar.

4)Do not pass food with your chopsticks directly to somebody else's chopsticks. Only at funerals are the bones of the cremated body given in that way from person to person.

5)Do not spear food with your chopsticks.

6)Do not point with your chopsticks to something or somebody.

7)Do not move your chopsticks around in the air too much, nor play with them.

8)Do not move around plates or bowls with chopsticks.

9)To separate a piece of food into two pieces, exert controlled pressure on the chopsticks while moving them apart from each other. This needs much exercise.

10)If you have already used your chopsticks, use the opposite end of your chopsticks in order to move food from a shared plate to your own plate.

11)Knife and fork are used for Western food only. Spoons are sometimes used to eat Japanese dishes that are difficult to eat with chopsticks, for example some donburi dishes or Japanese style curry rice. A Chinese style ceramic spoon is sometimes used to eat soups.

Japan Ultimate in Robots!!!


Japanese scientists have unveiled the most human-looking robot yet - a "female" android named Repliee Q1Expo.
She has flexible silicone for skin rather than hard plastic, and a number of sensors and motors to allow her to turn and react in a human-like manner.
She can flutter her eyelids and move her hands like a human. She even appears to breathe.
Professor Hiroshi Ishiguro of Osaka University says one day robots could fool us into believing they are human.
Repliee Q1Expo is not like any robot you will have seen before, at least outside of science-fiction movies.
She is designed to look human and although she can only sit at present, she has 42 actuators in her upper body, powered by a nearby air compressor, programmed to allow her to move like a human.
This really Stunned me :) M.Sujatha @ VEC

Toyota History



























They are really an inspiration For hard work ,commitment and excellence in their automobile field =) Sangeetha Raman

Friday, April 13, 2007

Japan's first lunar orbiter!!!

Japan's first lunar orbiter will lift off in August aboard a domestically developed H-IIA rocket from the Tanegashima Space Center in Kagoshima Prefecture, the chief of the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency said Thursday.
Selene, short for the selenological and engineering explorer, or moon explorer, is a satellite designed to collect data on "the formation of the moon and its transitional history up to today," the state-run space agency said.
Tachikawa also told reporters that the agency is about to embark on a new project to monitor global climate change that will involve six satellite launches through fiscal 2011.
The satellites will monitor sea-surface temperatures and water volumes in soil, clouds and vegetation to improve the accuracy of climate-change models.
Tachikawa said his agency and Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd., the main builder of the HII-A launch vehicle, have not yet agreed on how to split the maintenance costs of the Tanegashima Space Center.
MHI took over operations of the H-IIA rocket from JAXA from fiscal 2007, which began April 1.
Mitsubishi Heavy has asked the space agency to provide financial support for daily maintenance work at the space center.
Tachikawa said the expense issue must be settled before the Selene is launched.

Thursday, April 12, 2007

When Engaging in International Business, Don't Forget that the Overseas Business Environment, Culture, and Value Systems Differ

This is a highly interesting article by Ms.Yoko Kawaguchi, President, Y's Worth Corp. which appeared in the JETRO newsletter this week.We are awaiting her formal approval to reproduce this for general reading.

Advances in means of transportation and means of communication have enabled even small businesses to easily participate in international business. The increasingly shorter distance with other countries both has its merits and its demerits - such as the increasingly less attention paid when engaging in international business.

I have often worked as a consultant at government agencies overseas. There, I have been consulted by many overseas manufacturers. Through such activities, I have learned that many practices of the Japanese invite misunderstanding and trouble in international business.

1. Communications Should be Clear and Fast

One of the typical complaints that overseas businessmen have is that "we are often asked to send catalogs or samples, but don't hear anything back after sending them. Even when inquiring about this, we don't receive any replies. We suspect the other side is collecting information for illicit use".

Japanese companies do indeed use catalogs and samples so to weigh potential partners and products. Once a company grows to over a certain size, however, the person in charge almost never can initiate business on his own. Further, as discussions in the company become protracted, interest tends to wane. Still, when receiving requested catalogs or samples, the polite thing to do is to send a simple thank you letter and inform the other side of about when you will contact it about the results of your study.

Even if you conclude you don't want to do business, you shouldn't just allow things to stand. If explaining your reasons, you can help the other side to understand Japanese companies and the Japanese market. At your next business negotiations, you might even be able to expect a better response or terms.

According to Japanese culture and language practices, it is considered impolite to clearly refuse something to another party. As a result, Japanese end up using somewhat tortuous expressions instead. If translating these directly into the foreign language, the result will be vague in content and will lead to misunderstandings. Alternatively, if being timid and not giving any answer, Japanese will sometimes be thought impolite. When Japanese deal with each other, they can guess the answer just by experience and the behavior of the opposing party, but foreigners can't do this. If the other party in a business deal is a foreigner, it is important to communicate your intensions clearly and quickly.

2. Awareness of Rights and Obligations

Japanese businesses stress mutual trust over contractual rights and obligations. Sometimes things which your company should do are done for it by the other party at no charge, damage which your company has incurred is kept from spreading by the other party giving a grace period for payment or a discount even if the other party has no responsibility for this, sales assistance will be provided to help increase profits, and other cooperation will be extended. In back of this is the fact that companies with business relationships are deemed to be in the same boat in terms of future fate.

If bringing this attitude with you in international business, the Japanese side will often up end criticizing the other party as "not having a cooperative attitude" or "not paying it back for its kindness", while may be criticized from the foreign side for "poking its nose into another person's business".Trade transactions are conducted along international rules. Japanese must learn those rules and respect the rights and obligations set down in contracts.

3. Be Logical and Objective

All businesses are rapidly becoming internationalized. Even in Japan, beginners are jumping right into foreign trade in an increasing number of cases. Unfortunately, business often will not go as smoothly in the developing countries as in Japan and the other industrialized countries. Some Japanese take an arrogant attitude to their business partners. Among them, some will simply conclude that the other country is bad or the people there are all bad if failing in business just once. Each country has its good points and its bad points and its good people and bad people, so this kind of attitude is very rude.

Of course, sometimes the other party will have problems in knowledge or attitude, but sometimes the background surrounding the business, for example, the improperly functioning infrastructure, institutions, educational system, etc. and differences in culture or value systems will be the cause. If things don't go the way you want, don't become emotional. Leaving yourself enough of a margin of comfort so as to logically and objectively analyze the reasons why they are not going well and devising suitable countermeasures is the secret to successful business.

Wednesday, April 11, 2007

Cherry Blossom !!!!!!!!!!

You have to live in Japan to appreciate the significance of Cherry blossoms.


After months of wet and gray, bone-chilling winter weather, there is a brief pause before the draining humid heat of summer. During this interlude, the weather warms to a pleasant temperature and the thousands of leafless trees suddenly burst forth with white blossoms and soft pink highlights. They glow overhead like softly lit flickering stars in the daylight. Every year the Cherry blossoms appear with near precise timing. Families flood out of their homes and into the neighborhood parks. During the first weekend, when the Cherry trees are in full bloom, Japan seems to be a peaceful, calm country where parents and children take strolls together and eat picnics on the grass. It doesn't last, but it's a hopeful moment

Hope you enjoy it when you visit japan :> M.Rajeshwari aravind

Business Card Exchanges Guidelines

If you are visiting Japan on business, double-sided business cards in Japanese and English are a must. Why? They show potential partners that you are serious, and that you understand and respect their culture. This small effort on your part establishes trust, and maximizes your opportunity for excellent results.
A Sample Business Card:

Business Card Exchanges Guidelines:

  1. Cards are exchanged at the beginning of a meeting; make sure you have enough available for everyone.
  2. It is best to stand up when exchanging cards with those of higher rank.
  3. Facing your counterpart, bow slightly and hand your card (with the Japanese side pointing up!) either with your right hand or both hands. The same rule applies when receiving a card from someone else.
  4. Make time to review your counterpart's card carefully. You might want to speak his/her name and position to be sure of correct pronunciation. If the meaning of his/her job position is in any way unclear, it would not hurt to ask for an explanation. Basically, you want to show interest in and respect to the other party.
  5. DO NOT shove the card into your back trouser pocket!
  6. The Japanese hand out their business card at the drop of a hat. Don't be left out! Give your card to anyone that you want to hear from again. You'll likely go through a lot more cards during your trip to Japan than you would back home.
  7. Have a nice time when you visit japan -with best wishes :>Balamurugan

Tuesday, April 10, 2007

Japan Cultural Activity

"We are going to have a Japanese Cultural Activity." These were the exact words from Gunjan San. I thought, probably we will have a bit of conversation with the Japanese Sensei and then some information on the Japanese Culture and traditions.

On the decided day, Shikha San and Gunjan San came with Harano Sensei. I went to the gate to help them with the bags. Harano Sensei was wearing a Kimono, a bright light greenish blue one. She was walking with small steps. "Konnichiwa Sensei" I said. And prompt came the reply - “Hai. Konnichiwa. O genki desu ka." The words came so fast that I almost found myself lost. She was so full of energy, that it made us more excited to the activities which we were going to do.

The class began with the traditional dance on the song “Sakura Sakura”. She told us how to visualize the dance and the emotions behind every move. How Japanese people communicate more through the eyes and less through the words. The dance performance was awesome. We were all awestruck.

This was just the beginning of the fun and frolic we were going to have in the next two hours. Origami was introduced to us. We were given diagrams containing instructions and papers to start with. All of us made a very good effort and made fabulous chop stick holder and the box.

Now it was time for some eating habits - and we learnt how to eat with chopsticks. Agreed, it was a bit tough to hold them in the beginning and more tough to understand how to move them to hold something but within a few minutes everyone was comfortable with them and we picked our toffee with them. It was really nice, and to pick up toffee which had come from Japan, was indeed so much fun. I personally had never tasted any Japanese toffee before and frankly it was different.

The fun brigade continued but with a slight serious note and we were taught some business manners- how to enter a senior’s cabin, how to explain a reason for something that went wrong, how to exchange your visiting cards and so much more.

We played Janken, a Japanese game. Paper, scissor and rock. Zuibun omoshirokatta desu.

We will always remember this cultural meet and look forward for more such activities. In the end, I would like to say one thing – “ At Nihongo Bashi you don’t just learn Japanese, you LIVE it!”

Monday, April 09, 2007

Earthquakes in JAPAN


The Japanese archipelago is located in an area where several continental and oceanic plates meet. This is the cause for frequent earthquakes and the presence of many volcanoes and hot springs across Japan. If earthquakes occur below or close to the ocean, they may trigger tidal waves (tsunami).

Historic earthquakes:

Many parts of the country have experienced devastating earthquakes and tidal waves in the past. The worst earthquake in Japanese history hit the Kanto plain around Tokyo in the year 1923, when over 100,000 people died in the Great Kanto Earthquake.

In January 1995 a strong earthquake hit the city of Kobe and surroundings. The Southern Hyogo Earthquake (also called Great Hanshin Earthquake) killed 6,000 and injured 415,000 people. 100,000 houses were completely and 185,000 partially destroyed.

Earthquake measurement:

The Japanese "shindo" scale for measuring earthquakes is more commonly used in Japan than the Richter scale. Shindo refers to the intensity of an earthquake at a given location, i.e. what people actually feel at a given location, while the Richter scale measures the magnitude of an earthquake, i.e. the energy an earthquake releases at the epicenter.

The shindo scale ranges from shindo one, a slight earthquake felt only by people who are not moving, to shindo seven, a severe earthquake. Shindo two to four are still minor earthquakes that do not cause damage, while objects start to fall at shindo five, and heavier damage occurs at shindo six and seven.

Prevention:

Every household should keep a survival kit consisting of water and food for a few days, a flashlight, a radio and a first aid kit. Avoid placing heavy objects into places where they could easily fall during an earthquake and cause injury or block exits. Have a fire extinguisher. Familiarize yourself with the designated evacuation area in your neighborhood.

During and after an earthquake:

Falling objects, toppling furniture and panic present the greatest dangers during an earthquake. Try to protect yourself under a table or doorway. Do not run outside, and try to remain as calm as possible. If you are in the streets, try to find protection from glass and other objects that may fall from surrounding buildings.

After a strong earthquake, turn off ovens, stoves and the main gas valve. Then, listen to the radio or television for news. In coastal areas beware of possible tidal waves (tsunami). In mountainous areas beware of possible land slides triggered by the earthquake.

Saturday, April 07, 2007

japanese map














Hokkaido is the second largest, northernmost and least developed of Japan's four main islands.
Hokkaido's weather is harsh in winter with lots of snowfall, below zero temperatures and frozen seas, while in summer, it does not get as hot and humid as in the other parts of the country.
With its unspoiled nature, Hokkaido attracts many outdoor lovers, including skiers and snowboarders in the colder seasons and hikers, cyclists and campers from June to September.

The Chubu Region consists of nine prefectures and is located in the center of Japan's largest island Honshu.
The northern part of the Chubu Region along the Sea of Japan coast (Fukui, Ishikawa, Toyama) is also known as Hokuriku Region, while the southern part (Shizuoka, Aichi, Gifu) is also known as Tokai Region and the prefectures of Yamanashi, Nagano and Niigata as the Koshinetsu Region.

Shikoku is Japan's fourth largest island, southwest of Japan's main island Honshu. Shikoku is divided into four prefectures.

The Tohoku (lit. "North East") Region consists of six prefectures in the north of Japan's largest island Honshu. The Tohoku region is well known for its countryside, mountains, lakes, high quality rice and rough winters.

The Kinki Region, also commonly known as Kansai, consists of seven prefectures. It used to be the political and cultural center of Japan for many centuries. The cities of Kyoto, Osaka, Nara, and Kobe are all part of the Kinki Region

Kyushu is Japan's third largest island, located southwest of the main island Honshu. An early center of Japanese civilization, Kyushu offers many historic treasures, modern cities and natural beauty.
The Chugoku Region is located in the western part of Japan's main island Honshu. It is commonly subdivided into the heavily urbanized and industrialized Sanyo region along the Seto Inland Sea coast and the much less developed, rural Sanin region along the Sea of Japan coast.

Okinawa is Japan's southernmost prefecture, consisting of a few dozen, small islands in the southern half of the Nansei Shoto, the island chain which stretches over about one thousand kilometers from Kyushu to Taiwan.
Okinawa Prefecture can be divided into three major island groups, the Okinawa Islands (Okinawa Shoto) around Okinawa Island (Okinawa Honto), the Miyako Islands (Miyako Retto) around Miyako Island and the Yaeyama Islands (Yaeyama Retto) around Ishigaki Island.

The Kanto is Japan's largest plain and very densely populated. The large metropolies of Tokyo and Yokohama are located in the Kanto Region which consists of seven prefectures.









HCL in JAPAN



HCL in Japan
HCL has been operating in Japan since 1996. In the last 9 years it has established strong and credible relationships with leading companies in Japan. HCL carries out business in Japan through wholly owned subsidiary incorporated in Tokyo. This is keeping in with HCL's philosophy of a Global operating structure.Japan is one of the strategic development markets of HCL. HCL, by its strong presence in Japan provides all the advantages expected of a local Japanese vendor with added advantage of cost merit, international exposure and CMM level of quality. We are a local company with Indian face and international knowledge.Our highlights for the Japan operation are:
· Over 500 engineers working on Japanese projects
· Japan Business Unit (JBU) located in Noida and Chennai; exclusively for Japan with long term commitment to the Japanese market.
· Onsite technical coordination by bilingual engineers and Japanese language experts
· Continuous training programs to impart knowledge of Japanese language & culture
· Long term relationships with top Japanese companies
· Good understanding of Japanese business processes and practices
· Continuous process improvement & institutionalized learning
HCL is providing a wide range of services to its clients through its time tested project management methodology specially designed for this market. Some of areas in which HCL has been working with its clients include Enterprise solutions, Application development, management and maintenance, Product design and development, embedded software, Web solutions, and quality consulting. We are working with clients like Sony, NEC, Hitachi, NTT Data, Citibank Japan, Toshiba, Nomura Research Institute and so on.

ikebana


Ikebana(, literally "living flowers") is the Japanese art of flower arrangement, also known as kadō —the "way of flowers".In contrast to the decorative form of flower arranging in western countries, the Japanese flower arrangement creates a harmony of linear construction, rhythm, and color. While westerners tend to emphasize the quantity and colors of the flowers, devoting their attention mainly to the beauty of the blossoms, the Japanese emphasize the linear aspects of the arrangement. They have developed the art to include the vase, stems, leaves, and branches, as well as the flowers. The entire structure of a Japanese flower arrangement is based on three main points that symbolize heaven, earth, and humankind.Today, flower arrangement is venerated as one of the traditional arts in Japan. It is practiced on many occasions like ceremonies and parties, and modern people are still choosing to study the art.

history of japan

During the Jomon Period (13000 BC to 300 BC), the inhabitants of the Japanese islands were gatherers, fishers and hunters. Jomon is the name of the era's pottery.
During the Yayoi Period (300 BC to 300 AD), the rice culture was imported into Japan around 100 BC. With the introduction of agriculture, social classes started to evolve, and parts of the country began to unite under powerful land owners. Chinese travellers during the Han and Wei dynasties reported that a queen called Himiko (or Pimiku) reigned over Japan at that time. The Yayoi period brought also the introduction of iron and other modern ideas from Korea into Japan. Again, its pottery gave the period its name.
By the beginning of the Kofun Period (300 - 538), a center of power had developed in the fertile Kinai plain, and by about 400 AD the country was united as Yamato Japan with its political center in and around the province of Yamato (about today's Nara prefecture). The period's name comes from the large tombs (kofun) that were built for the political leaders of that era. Yamato Japan extended from Kyushu to the Kinai plain, but did not yet include the Kanto, Tohoku and Hokkaido.
The emperor was ruler of Yamato Japan and resided in a capital that was moved frequently from one city to another. However, the Soga clan soon took over the actual political power, resulting in the fact that most of the emperors only acted as the symbol of the state and performed Shinto rituals.
Due to friendly relations to the kingdom of Kudara (or Paikche) on the Korean peninsula, the influence from the mainland increased strongly. Buddhism was introduced to Japan in the year 538 or 552 and was promoted by the ruling class. Prince Shotoku is said to have played an especially important role in promoting Chinese ideas. He also wrote the Constitution of Seventeen Articles about moral and political principles. Also the theories of Confucianism and Taoism, as well as the Chinese writing system were introduced to Japan during the Yamato period.
In 645, Nakatomi no Kamatari started the era of the Fujiwara clan that was to last until the rise of the military class (samurai) in the 11th century. In the same year, the Taika reforms were realized: A new government and administrative system was established after the Chinese model. All land was bought by the state and redistributed equally among the farmers in a large land reform in order to introduce the new tax system that was also adopted from China.






Friday, April 06, 2007

Sakura (folk song)

Sakura (さくら) is the name of a traditional Japanese folk song depicting spring, the season of sakura. Contrary to popular belief, the song did not originate from ancient times. It was first composed during the Edo period for children learning to play the koto. Originally, the lyrics "Blooming cherry blossoms" were attached to the melody. The song has been popular since the Meiji period, and the lyrics in their present form were attached then. It is often sung in international settings as a song representative of Japan. Throughout the ages there have been many rearrangements of the song, but Michio Miyagi's rendition is often regarded to be the best of them all.

THE SAKURA SONG :

桜 桜
やよいの空は
見わたす限り
かすみか雲か
匂いぞ 出ずる
いざや いざや
見にゆかん

In Hiragana

さくら さくら
やよいのそらは
みわたすかぎり
かすみかくもか
においぞいずる
いざや いざや
みにゆかん


In Romaji

sakura sakura
yayoi no sora wa
miwatasu kagiri
kasumi ka kumo ka
nioi zo izuru
izaya izaya
mini-yukan

Translation

Cherry blossoms, cherry blossoms,
The expanse of the spring sky
as far as I can see
Is it the fog, or else the clouds?
Their smell comes forth.
Now, now,
Let's go look at them!

Thursday, April 05, 2007

History of JAPAN

Lets us all know the History of JAPAN(NIHON)
Period
Name
Description
-300 BC
Jomon
The early Japanese were gatherers, hunters and fishers.
300 BC-300
Yayoi
The intoduction of rice agriculture evokes the development of a social hierarchy and hundreds of small countries that started to unify into larger countries.
300-538
Kofun
300 Japan is for the first time more or less united. Large tombs (kofun) were built for the deceased leaders.
538-710
Asuka
538/552 Introduction of Buddhism. 604 Prince Shotoku's Constitution of seventeen articles is promulgated. 645 The Taika reform is introduced. The Fujiwara era starts.
710-784
Nara
710 Nara becomes the first permanent capital. 784 The capital moves to Nagaoka.
794-1185
Heian
794 The capital moves to Heian (Kyoto). 1016 Fujiwara Michinaga becomes regent. 1159 The Taira clan under Taira Kiyomori takes over the power after the Heiji war. 1175 The Buddhist Jodo sect (Pure land sect) is introduced. 1180-85 In the Gempei War, the Minamoto clan puts an end to Taira supremacy.
1192-1333
Kamakura
1191 The Zen sect is intoduced. 1192 Minamoto Yoritomo is appointed shogun and establishes the Kamakura government. 1221 The Jokyu Disturbance ends a struggle between Kamakura and Kyoto resulting in the supremacy of the Hojo regents in Kamakura. 1232 A legal code, the Joei Shikimoku, is promulgated. 1274 and 1281 The Mongols try to invade Japan twice, but fail mainly because of bad weather conditions. 1333 The Kamakura bakufu falls.
1338-1573
Muromachi
1334 Kemmu restoration: the emperor restores power over Japan. 1336 Ashikaga Takauji captures Kyoto. 1337 The emperor flees and establishes the Southern court in Yoshino. 1338 Takauji establishes the Muromachi government and a second emperor in Kyoto (Northern court). 1392 Unification of the Southern and Northern courts. 1467-1477 Onin war. 1542 Portuguese introduce firearms and Christianity to Japan. 1568 Nobunaga enters Kyoto. 1573 The Muromachi Bakufu falls.
1573-1603
AzuchiMomoyama
1575 The Takeda clan is defeated in the battle of Nagashino. 1582 Nobunaga is murdered and succeeded by Toyotomi Hideyoshi. 1588 Hideyoshi confiscates the weapons of farmers and religious institutions in the "Sword Hunt". 1590 Japan is reunited after the fall of Odawara (Hojo). 1592-98 Unsuccessful invasion of Korea. 1598 Death of Hideyoshi. 1600 Tokugawa Ieyasu defeats his rivals in the battle of Sekigahara.
1603 - 1867
Edo
1603 Ieyasu is appointed shogun and establishes the Tokugawa government in Edo (Tokyo). 1614 Ieyasu intensifies persecution of Christianity. 1615 The Toyotomi clan is destroyed after Ieyasu captures Osaka Castle. 1639 Almost complete isolation of Japan from the rest of the world. 1688-1703 Genroku era: popular culture flourishes. 1792 The Russians unsuccessfuly try to establish trade relations with Japan. 1854 Commodore Matthew Perry forces the Japanese government to open a limited number of ports for trade.
1868-1912
Meiji
1868 Meiji restoration. 1872 First railway line between Tokyo and Yokohama. 1889 The Meiji Constitution is promulgated. 1894-95 Sino-Japanese War. 1904-05 Russo-Japanese War. 1910 Annexion of Korea. 1912 Death of emperor Meiji.
1912-1926
Taisho
1914-18 Japan joins allied forces in WW1. 1923 The Great Kanto Earthquake devastates Tokyo and Yokohama.
1926-1989
Showa
1931 Manchurian Incident. 1937 Second Sino-Japanese War starts. 1941 Pacific War starts. 1945 Japan surrenders after two atomic bombs are dropped over Hiroshima and Nagasaki. 1946 The new constitution is promulgated. 1952 The Allied Occupation of Japan ends. 1956 Japan becomes member of the UN. 1972 Normalization of relations to China. 1973 Oil crisis.
1989-
Heisei
1993 The LDP loses its majority in the diet. 1995 The Great Hanshin Earthquake hits Kobe.Sarin Gas attack in the Tokyo subway by AUM sect

Wednesday, April 04, 2007

Wishing everyone with Kanji to get good luck and happiness!!


The kanji symbol FUKU, which means FORTUNE and WELL-BEING, is the image of a stone jar filled with food or wine. This feeling is familiar to all of us. When plenty of wine and food is stored we feel comfort and have confidence in the future.
The roots of many kanji symbols lay in our own human experiences. The Japanese kanji symbol
for PEACE, AN, represents a woman underneath a roof, a picture that reminds of shelter and
love.



The kanji symbol GAKU, HAPPINESS, is the same kanji as for MUSIC, uniting music, a gift of the gods, with joy and happiness.

Gaku

Hope you smile and be happy ever when you read this:>
Rekha

Tuesday, April 03, 2007

Japanese Tattoo


Japanese tattoo is called irezumi or horimono in Japanese. In Japan, tattoo is usually considered to be a symbol of a yakuza (Japanese mafia) and tends to be perceived negatively by people. For example, many public bath facilities in Japan inhibit customers who have tattoos from entering. Traditional Japanese tattoo covers arms, shoulders, and the back. In recent years, it's becoming popular for Japanese young people to get contemporary tattoos. Tattoo events are often held in big cities...


Sunday, April 01, 2007

TECHNOLOGIES


FASTEST TRAIN


shinkansen

- しんかんせん

* It runs at a speed of 300Km/Hour
* Launched in 1964 to connect Tokyo and Osaka
* The trains are reliable (the average lateness is 12 seconds, which is considered early in Britain) and have a superb safety record

ocean dome

The world's first indoor beach



Imagine a beach where the sky is always blue, it's never too hot or cold, and the surf is always perfect. Welcome to Ocean Dome, the world's only indoor beach, in Miyazaki
(ミヤザキ), Kyushu (キュシュ).

Ocean Dome has its own flame-spitting volcano, crushed white marble "sand", and it also boasts the world's largest retractable roof, providing a permanently blue sky. Temperature, wind and humidity are closely controlled to provide an ultra-safe "sea-side" experience.

Every hour, the volcano erupts and the hi-tech wave machines start up, starting a few minutes of sanitised surfing.